# Aktu Integrated Circuits (KEC-501) Btech Syllabus

Learn about the Integrated Circuits covered in the AKTU B.Tech syllabus as you investigate their design, production, and uses. Explore the realm of advanced circuitry and how it affects contemporary technologies.

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## UNIT-1: THE 741 IC OP-AMP

• General operational amplifier stages (bias circuit, the input stage, the second stage, the output stage, short circuit protection circuitry),
• Device parameters,
• DC and AC analysis of input stage,
• Second stage and output stage, gain,
• Frequency response of 741,
• A simplified model,
• Slew rate,
• Relationship between ft and slew rate.

## UNIT-2: LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF IC OP-AMPS

• Linear Applications of IC Op-Amps: Op-Amp based V-I and I-V converters,
• Instrumentation amplifier,
• Generalized impedance converter,
• Simulation of inductors.
• Active Analog filters: Sallen Key second order filter,
• Designing of second order low pass and high pass Butterworth filter,
• Introduction to band pass and band stop filter,
• All pass active filters,
• KHN Filters.
• Introduction to design of higher order filters.

## UNIT-3: FREQUENCY COMPENSATION

• Frequency Compensation & Nonlinearity: Frequency Compensation,
• Compensation of two stage Op-Amps,
• Slewing in two stage Op-Amp.
• Nonlinearity of Differential Circuits,
• Effect of Negative feedback on Non linearity.
• Non-Linear Applications of IC Op-Amps: Basic Log-Anti Log amplifiers using diode and BJT,
• Temperature compensated Log Anti Log amplifiers using diode,
• Peak detectors,
• Sample and hold circuits.
• Op-Amp as a comparator and zero crossing detector,
• A stable multivibrator & monostable multivibrator.
• Generation of triangular waveforms,
• Analog multipliers and their applications.

## UNIT-4: DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN

• Digital integrated Circuit Design: An overview,
• CMOS logic gate circuits basic structure,
• CMOS realization of inverters, AND, OR, NAND and NOR gates.
• Latches and Flip flops: the latch,
• CMOS implementation of SR flip-flops,
• A simpler CMOS implementation of the clocked SR flip flop,
• CMOS implementation of J-K flip-flops,
• D flip-flop circuits.

## UNIT-5: INTEGRATED CIRCUIT TIMER

• Integrated Circuit Timer: Timer IC 555 pin and functional block diagram,
• Monostable and Astable multivibrator using the 555 IC.
• Voltage Controlled Oscillator: VCO IC 566 pin and functional block diagram and applications.
• Phase Locked Loop (PLL): Basic principle of PLL, block diagram, working,
• Ex-OR gates & multipliers as phase detectors,
• Applications of PLL.