# Btech Aktu Microwave and Radar Engineering (KEC-074) Syllabus

Examine the AKTU B.Tech Microwave and Radar Engineering syllabus, which delves into the principles of electromagnetic waves, radar systems, and microwave technologies. Explore the realm of sophisticated communication and detecting systems.

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## UNIT-1: TRANSMISSION LINE & WAVEGUIDE

• Transmission Line: Transmission line equations & solutions,
• Reflection and transmission coefficient,
• Standing wave,
• Standing wave ratio,
• Introduction to strip lines,
• Microstrip Transmission line (TL).
• Wave Guide: Rectangular Wave guide –
• Field Components and Parameters, TE, TM Modes, Dominant Mode, Circular Waveguides: TE, TM modes.
• Wave Velocities,
• Wave guide Cavities.

## UNIT-2: PASSIVE MICROWAVE DEVICES

• Microwave Junctions and Couplers,
• Scattering Matrix,
• Passive microwave devices: Microwave Hybrid Circuits,
• Terminations, Attenuators,
• Phase Shifters,
• Microwave Propagation in ferrites,
• S parameter analysis of all components.

## UNIT-3: MICROWAVE TUBES

• Microwave Tubes: Limitation of Conventional Active Devices at Microwave frequency,
• Two Cavity Klystron,
• Reflex Klystron, Magnetron,
• Traveling Wave Tube,
• Backward Wave Oscillators: Their Schematic,
• Principle of Operation,
• Performance Characteristic and their applications.

## UNIT-4: MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS

• Measurement of Insertion Loss,
• Frequency, Cavity Q,
• Dielectric Constant,
• Scattering Parameters,
• Noise Factors,
• Return Loss,
• Impendence;
• VSWR Metering and Measurement,
• High Power Measurement;
• Power Meters,
• Microwave Amplifiers.

## UNIT-5: INTRODUCTION TO RADAR SYSTEMS

• Probability of detection of false alarm,