# Btech Aktu Irrigation and Water Resource Engineering (KCE-078) Syllabus

Discover the AKTU B.Tech syllabus on Irrigation and Water Resource Engineering, which delves into water management principles, irrigation systems, and the sustainable use of water resources. Discover methods for effective agricultural water management.

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## UNIT-1: HYDROLOGY

• Hydrology: Hydrologic Cycle.
• Water Budget Equation,
• Hydrologic System,
• Precipitation: Types, measurements and analysis,
• Error in estimation, missing data,
• Consistency of rainfall records,
• Intensity during frequency (IDF) and probabilistic maximum Precipitation(PMP) curves.
• Evaporation and consumptive use: Process affecting factors, estimation, and measurement techniques.
• Infiltration: Process affecting factors,
• Measurement and estimation,
• Infiltration Indices

## UNIT-2: SURFACE RUNOFF

• Surface Runoff: Components and factors affecting runoff,
• Methods of estimation of runoff volume and peak runoff, rating curve,
• Rainfall-runoff relationships Hydrograph Analysis: components,
• Factors affecting hydrographs,
• Base flow separation,
• Direct Runoff Hydrograph,
• Unit Hydrograph: Theory and assumptions.
• Derivation of Unit Hydrograph,
• Synthetic Unit Hydrograph Introduction to computer modes for rainfall runoff analysis.
• Irrigation: Developments in India,
• Functions of water in plant growth,
• Methods of Irrigation,
• Water requirement of crops Irrigation frequency,
• Irrigation efficiencies,
• Principal crops and crop season,crop rotation.
• Canal irrigation: Classes and alignment,
• Parts of a canal system,
• Commanded area, curves in channels, channel losses.

## UNIT-3: SEDIMENT TRANSPORT

• Sediment Transportation: Suspended and Bedload and its estimation Irrigation channels: Types: lined and unlined,
• Silt theories: Kennedy’s and Lacey’s Design procedure for irrigation channels,
• Longitudinal cross section,
• Schedule of area statistics and channel dimensions,
• Use of Garret’s Diagrams in channel design,
• Cross sections of an irrigation channel,
• Computer programs for design of channels.
• Lining of Irrigation Canals: Advantages and types,
• Factors for selection of a particular type,
• Design of lined channels,
• Cross section of lined channels,
• Economics of canal lining.
• Water Logging: Definition, effects, causes and anti-water logging measures,
• Drainage of waterlogged land,
• Types of drains open and closed,
• Spacing of closed drains.

## UNIT-4: REGULATION & CONTROL OF CANAL SYSTEM

• Regulation and control of canal system: Purpose,
• Types of canal regulation works and their functional aspects Immigration Outlets: Requirements, types, non-modular, semi-module’ and rigid module, selection criterion.
• River Training: Objective and need,
• Classification of rivers, and river training works, meandering, stages,
• Methods of river training,
• Bank protection,
• Methods For measurement discharge.

## UNIT-5: GROUNDWATER HYDROLOGY

• Zones of underground water,
• Aquifers and their types,
• Important terms,
• Determination of discharge through unconfined and confined aquifers with steady flow conditions,
• Interference among wells,
• Determination of aquifer constants,
• Well loss and specific capacity,
• Efficiency of a well,
• Types of water wells,
• Bored and open wells,
• Specific yield of a well,
• Relative merits of well and canal irrigation,
• Type of tube wells,
• Well surrounding and well development,
• Suitable site selection for tube well,
• Types of open wells,
• Methods of lifting water.
• Infiltration galleries.