# Btech Aktu Engineering Hydrology (KCE-055) Syllabus

Discover the AKTU B.Tech Engineering Hydrology course, which covers the concepts of the water cycle, rainfall analysis, and water resource management. Learn about the study of water in engineering applications.

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## UNIT-1: INTRODUCTION TO HYDROLOGY

• Introduction: hydrologic cycle,
• Water budget equations,
• World water balance,
• Precipitation: Forms of precipitation, measurement.
• Introduction to characteristics of storm.
• Abstraction from Precipitation: Evaporation -process,
• Measurement and estimation;
• Evapotranspiration-measurement and estimation;
• Initial Losses Interception & Depression storage;
• Infiltration- process, capacities indices, measurement & estimation.

## UNIT-2: RUNOFF AND HYDROGRAPHS

• Runoff characteristics of stream, mass curve.
• Hydrograph, Factors affecting flood hydrographs,
• Unit hydrograph and its analysis,
• S curve hydrograph, synthetic and instantaneous unit hydrographs.

## UNIT-3: FLOOD ANALYSIS

• Rational method,
• Empirical formulae,
• Flood frequency studies,
• Statistical analysis,
• Regional flood frequency analysis,
• Design storm & design flood,
• Risk/reliability and safety factor;
• Flood Routing: Basic equation,
• Hydrologic storage routing & attenuation,
• Hydrologic channel routing,
• Flood forecasting & control,
• Hydraulic method of flood routing.

## UNIT-4: GROUNDWATER

• Introduction, forms of subsurface water,
• Aquifers & its properties,
• Occurrence of ground water,
• Hydrogeology & aquifers,
• Ground water movement.
• Well Hydraulics: Single & Multiple well system,
• Partially penetrating wells,
• Image wells,
• Mutual interference of wells, well losses, specific capacity.

## UNIT-5: GROUNDWATER QUALITY & MODALS

• Introduction to Well construction, completion and Development.
• Pumping equipment for water wells,
• Maintenance of wells.
• Ground Water quality,
• Contamination of groundwater and its Control,
• Ground Water Modelling Techniques and exploration,
• Artificial discharge and Recharge of Ground Water,
• Roof-top rainwater harvesting and recharge.