Aktu Btech Syllabus Power System-I (KEE-501)

Discover the principles of electrical power generation, transmission, and distribution by delving into the AKTU B.Tech syllabus’ Power System-I section. Investigate the complex system that keeps the modern world running.

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UNIT-1: POWER GENERATION

• Introduction: Basic structure of power system,
• Sources of electric energy: conventional and non conventional;
• Layout of Hydro-electric,
• Thermal and Nuclear power plants,
• Concept of cogeneration,
• Combined heat and power, and captive power plants.
• Maximum Demand,
• Demand Factor,
• Diversity Factor,
• Capacity Factor,
• Utilization factor,
• Plant use factor,
• Installed capacity,
• Reserves, role of load diversity in power system economy.

UNIT-2: TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER-I

• Single line diagram of Power system,
• Choice of transmission voltage,
• Different kinds of supply system and their comparison.
• Configurations of transmission lines: Types of conductors,
• Bundled Conductors,
• Resistance of line,
• Skin effect,
• Kelvin’s law,
• Proximity effect,
• Corona Effect,
• Factors affecting the Corona,
• Corona Power Loss,
• Performance of Lines: Representation of lines,
• Short transmission lines,
• Medium length lines,
• Nominal T and 𝜋-representations,
• Long transmission lines.
• The equivalent circuit representation of a long Line,
• A, B, C, D constants,
• Ferranti Effect.

UNIT-3: TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER-II

• Mechanical Design of Over Headlines: Catenary curve,
• Calculation of sag & tension,
• Sag template,
• Vibration dampers.
• Overhead line Insulators: Type of insulators and their applications,
• Potential distribution over a string of insulators,
• Methods of equalizing the potential,
• String efficiency.

UNIT-4: TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS

• Inductance and Capacitance Calculations of Transmission Lines: Line conductors,
• Inductance and capacitance of single phase and three phase lines with symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing,
• Composite conductors-transposition,
• Bundled conductors, and effect of earth on capacitance.

UNIT-5: INSULATED CABLES

• Introduction, insulation, insulating materials,
• Extra high voltage cables,
• Insulation resistance of a cable,
• Capacitance of a single core and three core cables,
• Overhead lines versus underground cables,
• Types of cables.